A master of light, atmosphere and mood, the 19th-century artist is now recognized as one of this country's great Romantic painters
Born: 1819 Died: 1904 Nationality:
Martin Johnson Heade was born in Lumberville in Pennsylvania and studied portrait painting under the Quaker artists Edward and Thomas Hicks. He travelled widely for a number of years supporting himself as a
professional portrait artist.
Having moved to New York in the 1850s Heade soon moved away from portraits turning to landscape scenes instead. He was particularly interested in experimenting with the effects of coloured
light upon a painting, a concern shared with artists such as John C. Kensett, Fritz Hugh Lane and Sanford Gifford. The Luminist School of Painting as it was called was a popular movement at the time and can be seen as a key
stage in the development towards Impressionism.