Diego Rivera's (1886-1957) art was one of the columns on which one of the strongest movements in american
painting was to find support: mexican muralism. His art greatly depends on a vocabulary born from a mixture between Gauguin and the aztec and mayan sculptures. Using simplified forms and vivid colors, he brilliantly rescued the
pre-Columbian past, as well as the most important moments of Mexico's history: the land, the factory and land workers, the customs and the popular way of life. Some of his greatest paintings are: "Women Portrait with
Calla Lilies", "Calla Lilies Women Nude", "Mercado de Flores", and "Calla Flower Seller". Rivera's contribution to modern mexican art was decisive in murals and conventional painting; he
was a revolutionary painter who wanted to take the art to a broad audience, to the street and buildings, using a precise and direct language with a realistic style, full of social meaning.